Bromelain is a proteolytic enzyme isolated from the pineapple stem that breaks down other proteins, such as collagen and muscle fiber.
The proteolytic enzymes are sulfhydryl proteases. A free sulfhydryl group of a cysteine amino acid side chain is required for function.
Bromelain helps to inhibit pro-inflammatory compounds, similar to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs reducing swelling and pain without side effects.
It helps in assisting burn debridement (the removal of dead, burned tissue), preventing blood clots, enhancing fat removal from the body, aiding digestion, and reducing sinus symptoms, such as congestion.
It is also used for treating arthritis, gout urinary tract infections, ulcerative colitis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.